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Gum disease is also called periodontal disease. It affects over 47% of adults over the age of 30 in the United States, and is a major cause of tooth loss. Its early stages are referred to as “gingivitis” and can normally be remedied with a thorough professional clean and improved hygiene habits. Advanced stages of gum disease are very dangerous and called “periodontitis.”


Gum disease is frequently caused by a buildup of plaque on teeth. This is one reason why it is so important to practice excellent basic hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing your teeth. Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each session; floss your teeth once a day for two to three minutes.


Though the most frequent cause of gum disease is poor dental hygiene, there are other risk factors that may increase your chances of infection. These include but are not limited to:


–taking certain medications (such as cancer therapy drugs, oral contraceptives, or steroids)

–smoking or using tobacco

–being pregnant

–having diabetes

–having crooked teeth (they can be hard to keep clean)

–having a genetic predisposition for gum disease


If you have any of these risk factors in your life, be extra-diligent in your oral hygiene habits and be sure to visit your periodontist consistently.


For more information, call Custom Periodontics in Fort Worth, Texas, at 817-738-2334.  Dr. Shelby Nelson and our team look forward to helping your smile!